The potential application of Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) to energy production has been pursued by the community, including LLNL, since the recognition that it might be possible to achieve high gain ICF in the laboratory. Over the decades, LLNL has contributed to multiple IFE studies, with significant efforts, including the High Average Power Laser (HAPL) program, in the 1990’s and 2000’s for both laser and heavy ion driven concepts.
A substantive recent effort was the Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE) study, which aimed to develop an accelerated path towards commercialization of IFE in anticipation of ignition (breakeven) on the National Ignition Facility (NIF). As a relatively recent effort (~2008 to ~2014) that studied, preliminarily developed, and integrated many aspects of what might be required to achieve IFE, the results from LIFE can provide one viewpoint and help inform the IFE community as we work to develop an appropriate path forward.
This web page provides a list of references for potential follow up.
|P. Amendt., et al.,LIFE Pure Fusion Target Designs: Status and Prospects., Fusion Sci. Technol.,60 (2011)||2011|
|K. Carlisle., et al.,Laser Inertial Fusion-based Energy (LIFE): Developing Manufacturing Technology for Low Cost and High Volume Fusion Fuel is Critical to Our Future Energy Needs., Laser Eng.,22 (2012)||2012|
|K. Carlisle and R. Miles., et al.,Laser Inertial Fusion-based Energy (LIFE) – Developing Manufacturing Technology for low cost and high volume fusion fuel is critical to our future energy needs., Proceedings of the 36th International Matador Conference, (2010)||2010|
|R. Miles., et al.,Challenges Surrounding the Injection and Arrival of Targets at LIFE Fusion Chamber Center., Fusion Sci. Technol.,60 (2011)||2011|
|D. S. Holdener., et al.,“Convective Heating of the LIFE Engine Target During Injection” ., , LLNL-SR-508392 (2011)||2011|
|R. Miles., et al.,LIFE Target Fabrication Research Plan Sept 2008., LLNL Technical Report, LLNL-TR-408722 (2008)||2008|
|R. Miles., et al.,Thermal Studies of the Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE) Target during Injection into the Fusion Chamber., LLNL Technical Report, LLNL-TR-660043 (2014)||2014|
|R. Miles., et al.,Topics in LIFE Target Survival: 11-SI-004 Final Report., LLNL Technical Report, LLNL-TR-663242 (2014)||2014|