August 5, 2020
The American Physical Society (APS) has honored three Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists with an award that recognizes nearly a decade of frontier laboratory astrophysics research at the National Ignition Facility and other top high-energy laser facilities.
Hye-Sook Park, Steven Ross, and Dmitri Ryutov received the APS 2020 John Dawson Award for Excellence in Plasma Physics Research. The honor recognizes a particular recent outstanding achievement in plasma physics research.
Park, Ross, and Ryutov are part of an international team of researchers cited “for generating Weibel-mediated collisionless shocks in the laboratory, impacting a broad range of energetic astrophysical scenarios, plasma physics, and experiments using high-energy and high-power lasers conducted at basic plasma science facilities.”
“It is a great honor to have received this award,” Park said. “I truly appreciate all the team members and the fact that our devotion to great science has been recognized. I am thrilled to be a part of the work that solved a small piece of puzzle of supernova explosions.”
The award recognizes the team’s work encompassing plasma physics theory, large-scale numerical simulations, and experiments on premier laser facilities, including NIF, the world’s largest and most energetic laser. The team has also conducted experiments on the Gekko-XII laser at Osaka University, the OMEGA and OMEGA EP lasers at the University of Rochester, and the Large Plasma Device at UCLA.
“The idea of generating collisionless shocks on NIF was proposed 10 years ago,” Ross said. “It took a combination of improved physics understanding and new diagnostic capabilities to make this project successful.
“The Laboratory has been incredibly supportive of this work over the years and it is very satisfying to be recognized by the external community,” Ross added. “It really highlights the Laboratory’s commitment to excellence in HED science. I find it very exciting that we can use the world’s largest laser to create centimeter-scale plasmas that are relevant to astrophysical phenomena spanning light years.”
Collisionless shocks have been the topic of intense scientific interest for more than a half-century. They are a fixture in astrophysical plasmas and are believed to generate and amplify magnetic fields in the universe and accelerate particles as a source of cosmic rays in a variety of objects, including colliding galaxies, supernova explosions, and gamma ray bursts.
“Understanding astrophysical collisionless shocks in a laboratory has been a long and challenging journey,” Park said. “Our success was made possible by integrating the efforts of theorists who provided the dimensionless scaling from astrophysics to laboratory, of simulations that provided microscopic details of the plasma interactions, and novel experiments that measured the signature of shock formation and their products. Our work on NIF was unique and rewarding, delivering the most notable results.”
Ryutov said it was a great privilege for him to work with “outstanding experimentalists” Park, Ross, and the whole NIF team.
“Being a theorist, I still find it most enjoyable to work on those projects where theory is closely coupled to an ongoing experiment and helps in the decision making,” Ryutov said. “It is quite gratifying that, in collaboration with our colleagues from other institutions, we have made one more step toward a better understanding of the processes driven by supernova explosions and other energetic events occurring in the universe.”
The other team members include Hideaki Takabe, Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf; Frederico Fiuza, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory; Youichi Sakawa, Osaka University; Anatoly Spitkovsky, Princeton University; Chris Niemann, UCLA; Will Fox, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory; R. Paul Drake, University of Michigan; and Gianluca Gregori, University of Oxford.
Follow us on Twitter: @lasers_llnl